Expansion and consolidation
Faded relief carved into the side of a rock. The scene portrays a man on horseback as well as several other characters.
A rock-carved relief of Mithridates I of Parthia (r. c. 171–138 BC), seen riding on horseback, at Xong-e Ashdar, city of Izeh, Khūzestān Province, Iran
Main article: Seleucid–Parthian wars
Phraates I is recorded as expanding Parthia's control past the Gates of Alexander and occupied Apamea Ragiana, the locations of which are unknown. Yet the greatest expansion of Parthian power and territory took place during the reign of his brother and successor Mithridates I of Parthia (r. c. 171–138), whom Katouzian compares to Cyrus the Great (d. 530 BC), founder of the Achaemenid Empire.
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