ng China and defeating Japan. Public opinion, however, gave priority to destruction of Japan, so American forces were sent chiefly to the Pacific in 1942.
In the opening weeks Japan conquered the Philippines and the British and Dutch colonies in Southeast Asia, capturing Singapore in February 1942. Furthermore Japan defeated the British in Burma to the borders of British India by May, 1942, cutting off the overland supply route to China.
Antiwar sentiment in the United States evaporated overnight and the country united behind Roosevelt. On December 11, 1941, Germany and Italy declared war on the United States, which responded in kind. Roosevelt met with Churchill in late December and planned a broad informal alliance among the U.S., Britain, China and the Soviet Union. This included Churchill's initial plan to invade North Africa (called Operation Gymnast) and the primary plan of the U.S. generals for a western Europe invasion, focused directly on Germany (Operation Sledgehammer). An agreement was also reached for a centralized command and offensive in the Pa
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